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 ‘Every Child and Young Person in the Rother Valley Matters’

Glossary of SEND Terms


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder/ Attention Deficit Disorder

A condition that develops within some children which can make it difficult for them to be able to control their behaviour and concentrate. More information


Autistic Spectrum Disorder

ASD is the term used to cover the spectrum of autism

More information

Annual Review

The review that a local authority (LA) must make within 12 months of making the EHCP (formerly a statement of special educational needs) or of the previous review


Children’s Access Point

A telephone number to call if worried about the welfare of a child under 18 years of age


Education, Health and Care Plan

The threshold for EHCPs are the same as those for statements, that is, where the special educational provision necessary to meet the child’s needs cannot be reasonably provided within the resources normally available to mainstream schools and early years settings.

More information


Free School Meals

A meal that is provided to a child or young person during a school break that is paid for out of Government funding. For a child to qualify for FSM, their parent or carer must be receiving particular eligible benefits as stated by Government.  


Individual Education Plan

A document written at school which sets targets for the student’s progress, and sets out how that student will be supported in school.

School Action

When a class or subject teacher identifies that a pupil has special educational needs and gives help that is extra to or different from that provided as part of the school’s usual differentiated curriculum.

School Action Plus

When the teacher and the SENCo/SENDCo are gives advice or support from outside specialists (a specialist teacher, an educational psychologist, a speech and language therapist or other health professionals). Extra or different help to that provided through School Action can then be put in place.


Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Coordinator

This is the member of staff of a school who has responsibility for coordinating SEND provision within school. More information


Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Hub

These are networks of schools which have joined together to provide coordinated support for students in education. More information


Specific Learning Difficulties

An umbrella term for dyslexia, dyscalculia and dyspraxia

More information


A statement of special educational needs is a document that sets out a child’s needs and all the extra help they should receive.

NOTE: Statements of SEN are being replaced with Education, Health and Care Plans (EHCP/EHC Plan) from September 2014

Type of Need

Primary (the main) and secondary type of need are recorded for all pupils in maintained schools that are at School Action Plus or with statements/EHC plans:

  • Specific learning difficulty
  • Moderate learning difficulty
  • Severe learning difficulty
  • Profound and multiple learning difficulty
  • Behaviour, emotional and social difficulty
  • Speech, language and communication needs
  • Hearing impairment
  • Visual impairment
  • Multi-sensory impairment
  • Physical difficulty
  • Autistic spectrum disorder
  • Other difficulty/disability